“Herodotus, the famed historic Greek historian, lied a couple of pivotal battle between the Greeks and the Carthaginians, a brand new research finds.” —Stay Science
LIE: Cyrus the Nice based the Persian Empire. TRUTH: Cyrus the Nice based the Persian Empire Persian Rug Emporium, which had unbeatable costs and dozens of places in all twenty provinces.
LIE: Herodotus was exiled from Halicarnassus for political causes. TRUTH: Herodotus was exiled from Halicarnassus as a result of he was a kind of individuals who believes that frequent bathing disrupts the physique’s pure pH stability.
LIE: Xerxes wished to beat Greece to avenge the Persian military’s defeat at Marathon. TRUTH: Xerxes wished to beat Greece to show to the Persians that he was nonetheless related on the historic age of thirty-six.
LIE: The messenger at Marathon ran 26.2 miles to ship information of Greece’s victory, earlier than keeling over lifeless from exhaustion. TRUTH: The messenger ran solely 2.62 miles, however he was so sweaty and out of breath that everybody assumed he had travelled a terrific distance. He faked his dying to keep away from correcting them.
LIE: Every ebook of Herodotus’s Histories is known as for one of many 9 Muses. TRUTH: Every ebook of Herodotus’s Histories is known as for certainly one of his 9 Pomeranians.
LIE: The Greeks’ weapon of alternative was the spike-topped doru spear. TRUTH: The Greeks carried no weapons, decimating their enemies with withering stares and chopping remarks as a substitute.
LIE: The Lydian king Croesus steadily consulted the oracle at Delphi when formulating his army technique. TRUTH: The Lydian king Croesus steadily consulted the oracle at Delphi when formulating his bets on chariot races. He misplaced his huge fortune after an ambiguous prophecy: “If Croesus goes to the hippodrome, he’ll destroy a terrific monetary empire.”
LIE: On the Battle of Thermopylae, seven thousand Greek and Spartan troopers held off 1,000,000 Persians for every week. TRUTH: On the Battle of Thermopylae, seven thousand Greek and Spartan troopers held off 100 and fifty thousand Persians for 3 days. Speak about bush-league.
LIE: Herodotus lived within the bustling Greek metropolis of Athens. TRUTH: Herodotus spent 4 bored months within the suburbs of Athens, not often venturing into the town correct, which he referred to as “a bit dicey.”
LIE: The happiest folks on this planet had been Kleobis and Biton, two brothers who yoked themselves to their mom’s cart like oxen and drove her six miles to temple. TRUTH: The happiest particular person on this planet was the neighbor woman who insisted on slathering the boys in olive oil earlier than their journey.
LIE: The fifty-year-long Greco-Persian Wars had been waged over management of the land surrounding the Aegean Sea. TRUTH: The fifty-year-long Greco-Persian Wars had been waged over credit score for inventing spanakopita.
LIE: The Spartan prince Dorieus left his homeland in a rage after his half brother, Cleomenes, ascended the throne. TRUTH: The Spartan prince Dorieus left his homeland in a rage after seeing so many grown males sporting sandals year-round.
LIE: Herodotus’s Histories is a piece of nonfiction. TRUTH: Herodotus initially pitched Histories to publishers as a “mind-blowing epic fantasy nonology” referred to as “Fates & Phalanxes.” When no one bit, he tweaked the title and style.
LIE: Herodotus is the daddy of historical past. TRUTH: Herodotus is historical past’s sketchy uncle.
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